CARMEL

CARMEL
CARMEL (Heb. כַּרְמֶל), city in the territory of Judah. It is mentioned in connection with the fateful meeting between Samuel and Saul after the war against the Amalekites (I Sam. 15:12). Carmel belonged to Nabal, the Calebite, who raised sheep and held great shearing feasts there (25:2). His wife Abigail, called the Carmelitess, married David after Nabal's death and the estate thus passed into David's hands (27:3). His descendant Uzziah still possessed vineyards in Carmel (II Chron. 26:10). Hezrai, one of David's warriors, was originally from Carmel (II Sam. 23:35). In Roman times it was garrisoned with Illyrian cavalry and formed part of the Limes Palaestinae. Carmel is mentioned in Notitia dignitatum… 73, 20 (ed. 1876 by O. Seeck) as Chermela. In the fourth century Eusebius describes it as a large Jewish village (Onom. 92:19ff.). The remains of two Byzantine churches and tomb caves have been found there and the ruins of a crusader castle are still visible. The city is identified with Khirbat Karmil 9 mi. (15 km.) south of Hebron. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Alt, in: PJB, 26 (1930), 48; 27 (1931), 75–76; Press, Ereẓ, 3 (1952), 508; Aharoni, Land, index; Avi-Yonah, Land, index (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Carmel — bezeichnet: den Karmel, ein Gebirge in Israel Folgende Ortschaften tragen den Namen Carmel: Carmel (Australien) Carmel (Arkansas) Carmel (Indiana) Carmel (Iowa) Carmel (Maine) Carmel (New York) Carmel (Uruguay) Carmel (Wales) Carmel by the Sea… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Carmel — • Designates in the Old Testament a certain city and its adjacent territory in the tribe of Juda Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Carmel     Carmel      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Carmel — f English: of early Christian origin, referring to ‘Our Lady of Carmel’, a title of the Virgin Mary. Carmel is the name (meaning ‘garden’ or ‘orchard’ in Hebrew) of a mountain in the Holy Land near modern Haifa, which was populated from very… …   First names dictionary

  • Carmel — Carmel, IN U.S. city in Indiana Population (2000): 37733 Housing Units (2000): 14107 Land area (2000): 17.812195 sq. miles (46.133372 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.106801 sq. miles (0.276614 sq. km) Total area (2000): 17.918996 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Carmel, IN — U.S. city in Indiana Population (2000): 37733 Housing Units (2000): 14107 Land area (2000): 17.812195 sq. miles (46.133372 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.106801 sq. miles (0.276614 sq. km) Total area (2000): 17.918996 sq. miles (46.409986 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Carmel — Carmel, Mount Carmel, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Carmel — (a. Geogr.), 1) so v.w. Karmel; 2) Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Putnam im Staate New York (Vereinigte Staaten von NAmerika), schöne Lage; mehrere Kirchen, Akademie, 2 Banken, Druckerei; 3000 Ew.; 3) (San Carlos), Missionsort in der Grafschaft… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Carmel — Carmel, das Gebirge, siehe Libanon …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

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